IELTS Speaking Section Part 1, 2 and 3 - Talking about Dreams

IELTS Speaking Section Part 1, 2 and 3 - Talking about Dreams
Sweet Dream, baby

IELTS Speaking Section Part 1 - Talking about Familiar Topics


Let's talk about night time dreams

Do you dream a lot when you're asleep?

No, I don't. I usually dream when I feel tired, and it is usually a strange dream that I have, so strange that I simply forget the dream when I get up. I have bad dreams, occasionally, but it is not that bad as to keep me awake at night. Most of the time I would just brush it off and go back to sleep. 

Do you remember those dreams?

Only some of them, usually the weirdest ones or the most vivid ones. One day I was dreaming about winning a sport bike and I tried riding it. The dream felt so real, I mean the excitement was real, the riding sensation was real, but then I woke up and had to go back to reality. I also remember the worst dreams that I had, like when I dreamt of being chased by snakes, a lot of snakes. I literally jolted up and began searching the entire room, afraid that those snakes were actually real. Thank God it was just a dream.

Can we learn anything from our dreams?

I suppose we can. In the case of a dream where I was chased by snakes, we should learn to be more careful and cautious. I don't know what triggered the dream in the first place, but I assumed it was because I got too tired. For me personally, having a weird dream often becomes an indication that I have to lighten up a little bit. May be I am too tired, physically, mentally, or both.

Is it common for people in your country to talk about their dreams?

Yes, because people always try to make sense of their dreams by relating them to what had happened or what will happen in real life. People who believe in superstition may come to those with supernatural power or whatever, just to find out the meaning of their dreams. I discussed one of my dream with my roommate one day, just because he appeared in that dream and he talked funny, so I just made some stupid jokes about it. 

Can dreams become a reality?

Sometimes it can. For example, I had a weird dream about me talking to some of my friends about going on a vacation in a villa. We were going to do the usual stuff there, having a barbeque, playing billiard, going to the nearest waterfall, staying up late to watch  movie and just having fun, basically. When I woke up, I didn't think much of it and soon, I forgot what I dreamt about the night before. But few days later, my friends were inviting me to go vacationing in a villa, and then I was reminded of my dream. In that dream, I wore the same clothes, sit in the exact same position as I did when talking to my friend, and remembered one of my friend's facial expression, in a very great detail. I couldn't help but saying 'This is exactly what happened in my dream' and my friends looked at me perplexed, not having any idea of what I meant. I don't know if it was merely a coincidence or if it can be explained logically. I heard that some other people have that kind of dream, a dream that strangely becomes a reality. 

IELTS Speaking Section Part 2 - Self-Presentation

Remembering Dreams

Describe one of your dreams that you still remember

You should say:

What was it about?

When did you have it?

Why do you still remember that particular dream?

How do you feel about that dream?

What was it about?

One of the dreams that I still remember until now is a strange dream about mangosteen. I remember getting sick when I was a child, so I didn't go to school and just slept all day. I had a very vivid dream where my mother gave me some mangosteen. She said that she knew I was sick and needed something fresh to eat, because I was a little bit nauseated. So, she gave me those mangosteen, and I remember putting them near my pillow so I could eat them later, because I was very sleepy. When I woke up, the mangosteen were gone. I searched the entire house looking for them, thinking that someone had put them in the fridge. But I couldn't find them in the fridge either. When my mom went back from work, I asked her where my mangosteen were. Obviously, my mother was confused as she didn't remember giving anything to me that day, except my lunch and medication. She told me that it might be just a dream. I was so convinced that she really did give me the mangosteen and kept insisting that I had to have them. I was basically upset about not having the mangosteen, whether it was a dream or not. 

When did you have it?

I had this strange mangosteen dream a long time ago, when I was a child. I remember I was still in elementary school when I had this dream.

Why do you still remember that particular dream?

I still remember this dream because it is very vivid. If I dream about seeing a ghost or being attacked by a monster, I will soon realize that it is just a dream, because it makes no sense at all. But this dream looked so vivid because I see myself there doing things that I normally do. I always want to eat fresh fruit when I am not feeling well and my mother is well aware of that. The fact that I dreamt about her giving me some fruit to eat when I was sick didn't look strange at all at that time. This is probably why I misunderstood it as a reality.

How do you feel about that dream?

As I said, I was very upset of not having the mangosteen. I still am, actually. When I was sick, I had to be able to get whatever I wanted, and it's always something simple like fresh fruit, hot tea, or food that I chose randomly. The fact that I wanted something simple like mangosteen and not being able to have it really made me unhappy as a kid.

IELTS Speaking Section Part 3 - Discussion

The Meaning of Dreams

Do dreams have meaning?

Yes, they do. Personally, I see dream as a sign of extreme exhaustion or health problem, because I always have weird dreams when I'm sick or tired. There is a belief among the people that certain dream has meaning, some sort of a sign of what will happen in the future. For example, when we dream about being chased by snakes and escaping from their bites, it means that we just escape from a dangerous situation like accident or sickness. I don't know if this is true or not. I myself have dreamt about being chased by snakes a couple times, but then nothing did happen and my life just went on as usual.

Can dreams affect someone's health? (and how)

Dreams can definitely affect someone's health especially when it is a bad dream. People who have recurrent bad dreams often find it hard to go back to sleep, so they may suffer sleep deprivation. I had a sleep paralysis occasionally and it is really hard to fall back to sleep because my mind keeps thinking about the horrible creature that I saw earlier in my dream. I know that creature isn't real, but the fear of not being able to move or breath properly while sleeping is extremely unsettling.

Can dream be explained scientifically?

I'm sure it can. I remember reading an article about Jung's theory about dreams, stating that our dreams have psychological significance. I can't provide more details about the theory though, but I firmly believe that dream is a phenomenon that can be explained by science. 

Can dreams really make people do things?

I'm not really sure, but I think it might be true in the case of people who are mentally unstable. They may confuse dream with reality and do something unexpected. I heard a story about a guy who almost jumped out of a second floor window because he dreamt about a ghost running after him. Of course, there's no such ghost and he just dreamt about it. He was then treated and got better after taking some medications. So, I guess dreams can make people do things, sometimes crazy things, if they cannot go back to reality and haunted by their own dream.

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Contoh Soal TOEFL dan Pembahasan - Determiners

Contoh Soal TOEFL dan Pembahasan - Determiners

Pada materi sebelumnya, kita sudah membahas beberapa contoh soal TOEFL Structure and Written Expression yang berkaitan dengan Degree of Comparison. Hari ini, kita akan membahas soal-soal yang berkaitan dengan penggunaan Determiners. Sebelum kita masuk ke materi tentang determiners, silahkan kerjakan latihan berikut:

Contoh Soal TOEFL Structure and Written Expression

Soal Nomor 1

Even the most random thing that comes to our mind could sometimes be _____________

(A) brilliant idea

(B) a seemingly brilliant idea

(C) seemingly brilliant idea

(D) seemingly a brilliant idea

Soal Nomor 2

Bears are very protective of _____________

(A) its cubs

(B) their cubs

(C) it's cubs

(D) theirs cubs

Soal Nomor 3

Some people manage to keep in a good shape although _____________ food

(A) eat much

(B) they eat many food

(C) eat a lot of food

(D) they eat much food

Soal Nomor 4

One has to pass both aptitude test and physical examination to join _____________

(A) army

(B) in army

(C) the army

(D) in the army

Soal Nomor 5

Because of the development of technology and internet, only ______________ use a phone book these days

(A) few people

(B) a few people

(C) little people

(D) a little people

Soal Nomor 6

Some people with (A) a decent job and income do not have saving (B) because they spend many (C) money on basic necessities (D) like food and housing

Soal Nomor 7

There are several (A) things that we need to consider (B) when buying product (C), such as quality, functionality, price, and durability (D)

Soal Nomor 8

When reminiscing (A) about the good old days with friends and family, people can feel nostalgic (B) and find it hard (C) to erase that memories (D)

Soal Nomor 9

A (A) honorary degree is given to those (B) who have given major contribution (C) to certain field or to the society (D) in general.

Soal Nomor 10

It (A) is believed that all (B) languages that we know today originate (C) from an universal (D) language


Mari kita mulai pembahasan soal-soal di atas. Materi tentang penggunaan Determiner akan saya selipkan di setiap pembahasan agar lebih mudah dimengerti dan dipraktekkan.

Soal Nomor 1

Soal nomor satu berkaitan dengan penggunaan indefinite article "a" yang digunakan bersamaan dengan singular countable Noun "idea". Perlu diingat bahwa sebuah benda berjumlah satu harus selalu diiringi dengan article a, an, atau Determiner/Adjective single, each, dan every. Dari penjelasan di atas, kita tahu bahwa opsi (A) dan (C) pasti salah. Opsi (D) sebenarnya sudah hampir benar, namun posisi Adverb dan Determiner terbalik. Sebuah Adverb yang seharusnya menjadi modifier bagi Adjective "brilliant" tidak bisa mendahului Determiner "a", karena tetap harus mengikuti struktur umum Noun Phrase Det + Adj + N, atau Det + Adv + Adj + N dalam kasus ini. Jawaban yang paling tepat bagi contoh soal nomor satu adalah opsi (B), dan kalimat seharusnya ditulis sebagai berikut:

  • Even the most random thing that comes to our mind could sometimes be a seemingly brilliant idea

Soal Nomor 2

Soal nomor dua berkaitan dengan penggunaan Possessive Determiner. Karena kata "it's" dan "theirs" pada opsi (C) dan (D) bukanlah sebuah Possessive Determiner, maka kita bisa langsung mengeliminasi dua jawaban tersebut. Sebenarnya, opsi (A) sudah hampir benar, karena "its" adalah sebuah Possessive Determiner. Meski demikian, perlu diperhatikan bahwa penggunaan Possessive Determiner harus bersesuaian dengan antecedent-nya. Karena Subject kalimat adalah plural countable Noun "bears", maka kata its kurang tepat digunakan. Jawaban paling tepat bagi contoh soal di atas adalah opsi (B), dan kalimat secara lengkap dapat ditulis sebagai berikut:

  • Bears are very protective of their cubs 

Soal Nomor 3

Soal nomor tiga berkaitan dengan penggunaan Quantifier much dan many. Perlu diingat bahwa "food" masuk ke dalam kategori uncountable Noun, sehingga Quantifier yang menyertainya juga harus bersesuaian. Karena Quantifier many seharusnya digunakan bersamaan dengan countable Noun, maka kita tahu bahwa opsi (B) pasti salah. Kita juga bisa langsung tahu bahwa opsi (A) dan (C) pasti salah karena tidak ada Subject yang harusnya melengkapi Adverbial Clause yang ada. Dengan demikian, jawaban yang paling tepat bagi contoh soal tersebut adalah opsi (D), dan kalimat secara lengkap dapat ditulis sebagai berikut:

  • Some people manage to keep in a good shape although they eat much food 

Soal Nomor 4

Soal nomor empat berkaitan dengan penggunaan definite Article "the" yang digunakan untuk proper Noun, benda-benda yang sangat spesifik, atau benda-benda yang sudah jelas berdasarkan antecedent-nya. Definite Article juga digunakan pada beberapa kasus collective Noun seperti kata "army". Opsi (A) dan (B) sudah pasti salah karena tidak terdapat definite Article, sementara opsi (D) sudah hampir benar, tapi kata join pada soal masuk ke dalam trasitive Verb yang langsung diikuti oleh direct Object, sehingga jawaban yang paling tepat adalah opsi (C). Kalimat secara lengkap ditulis sebagai berikut:

  • One has to pass both aptitude test and physical examination to join the army 

Soal Nomor 5

Soal nomor lima berkaitan dengan penggunaan Determiner untuk countable Noun dan uncountable Noun, dan secara lebih spesifik merujuk pada Quantifier few, a few, little dan a little. Karena "people" masuk ke dalam plural countable Noun, kita bisa langsung tahu bahwa opsi (C) dan (D) salah. Opsi (B) sudah hampir benar, namun dari konteks kalimat kita tahu bahwa sekarang ini sedikit sekali orang menggunakan buku telepon karena perkembangan teknologi, sehingga jawaban yang lebih tepat adalah (A). Kalimat tersebut seharusnya ditulis sebagai berikut:

  • Because of the development of technology and internet, only few people use a phone book these days 

Soal Nomor 6

Soal nomor enam berkaitan dengan penggunaan Quantifier much yang untuk countable Noun dan Quantifier many untuk countable Noun. Kita tahu bahwa "moeny" masuk ke dalam kategori uncountable Noun sehingga penggunaan Quantifier many pada opsi (C) kurang tepat. Kalimat seharusnya ditulis sebagai berikut:

  • Some people with a decent job and income do not have saving because they spend much money on basic necessities such as food and housing   

Soal Nomor 7

Soal nomor tujuh berkaitan dengan penggunaan article "a" dan singular Noun yang sebelumnya sudah kita bahas di soal nomor satu. Karena kata "product" pada opsi (C) masuk ke dalam kategori singular Noun, maka seharusnya ada article "a" yang mendahuluinya. Kalimat tersebut seharusnya ditulis sebagai berikut:

  • There are several things that we need to consider when buying a product, such as quality, functionality, price and durability 


Soal Nomor 8

Soal Nomor delapan berkaitan dengan penggunaan Demonstrative "that" dan "those". Demonstrative "that" digunakan untuk singular Noun, sedangkan Demonstrative "those" digunakan untuk plural Noun. Karena kata "memories" merupakan plural Noun, maka Demonstrative yang seharusnya digunakan pada opsi (D) adalah those, bukan that. Hal ini juga berlaku untuk Demonstrative "this" yang digunakan untuk singular Noun dan "these" yang digunakan untuk plural Noun. Kalimat tersebut secara lengkap ditulis sebagai berikut:

  • When reminiscing about the good old days with friends and family, people can feel nostalgic and find it hard to erase those memories   


Soal Nomor 9

Soal nomor sembilan berkaitan dengan penggunaan Article "an" untuk kata berawalan silent h seperti honor, hour dan honesty. Meski pada tulisan honorary terdapat huruf h, huruf tersebut tidak dilafalkan sehingga kata honorary dilafalkan mulai dari huruf o, yang merupakan huruf vokal. Dengan demikian, kita tahu bahwa terdapat kesalahan gramatikal pada opsi (A). Kalimat tersebut seharusnya ditulis sebagai berikut:

  • An honorary degree is given to those who have given a major contribution to certain field or to the society in general 

Soal Nomor 10

Soal nomor sepuluh berkaitan dengan awalan konsonan yang ada pada kata seperti universal, union, atau university. Meski secara sekilas kata universal pada opsi (D) seperti berawalan dengan vokal u, nyatanya pelafalan kata itu berawalan dengan konsonan y yang tentu saja harus di dahului oleh Article "a". Secara lengkap, kalimat tersebut seharusnya ditulis sebagai berikut:

  • It is believed that all languages that we know today originate from a universal language 

Demikianlah beberapa contoh soal Structure and Written Expression serta pembahasannya hari ini. Untuk membaca materi sebelumnya, silahkan ikuti tautan berikut ini. Jika ada pertanyaan atau saran, silahkan tulis di kolom komentar.

Untuk update materi TOEFL Structure and Written Expression, klik tautan berikut ini:

Update Materi TOEFL Structure and Written Expression